STYLES & GENRES OF ART
- Abstract: Art that does not attempt to represent an accurate depiction of a visual reality but instead uses shapes, colors, forms, and gestural marks, also called nonobjective art or nonrepresentational art.
- Allegorical: The subject of the artwork, or the various elements that form the composition, can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral, spiritual or political, such as life, death, love, virtue, justice
- Bas-Relief: A sculpture technique in which figures and/or other design elements are just barely more prominent than the (overall flat) background.
- Biomorphic: Greek words ‘bios’, meaning life, and ‘morphe’, meaning form. Describes the imagery of naturally occurring patterns or shapes reminiscent of nature and living organisms represented in an abstract or surrealistic way, instead of geometrically.
- Classicism: An approach to aesthetics that favors restraint, rationality, and the use of strict forms.
- Contemporary: Art of today, produced by artists who are living in the twenty-first century.
- Cross-generational Art: Art that appears to various generations.
- Cubism: Emphasis on formal structure, the reduction of natural forms to their geometrical equivalents, and the organization of the planes of a represented object independently of representational requirements, resulting in paintings that appear fragmented and abstracted.
- Dreamscape: Made up of dream and landscape creating a fantasy world or an abstract/oneiric land.
- Figurative: Clearly derived from real object sources and so is, by definition, representational.
- Hyperrealism: A genre where the imagery resembles a high-resolution photograph. Hyperrealism is considered an advancement of Photorealism by the methods used to create the resulting paintings or sculptures.
- Impressionism: A movement of art that emerged in 1870s (19th century) in France characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
- Luminism: Landscape painting style through the use of aerial perspective and the concealment of visible brushstrokes.
- Magic Realism: A realistic view of the modern world while also adding magical elements.
- Metaphorical Realism: Precise Attention to Detail, Metaphorical Content, Clear and Bold Content, Perfect Technique
- Modern Art: 1860’s-1970’s. Art in which past traditions have been thrown aside for experimentation.
- Naturalism: The depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting, looks like our real world.
- Photorealism: The study of a photograph to reproduce the image as realistically as possible in another medium.
- Pop Art: Based off of modern popular culture and mass media.
- Pop Surrealism: Cultural roots in underground comix, punk music, tiki culture, and hot-rod cultures of the street.
- Portrait: An artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression are predominant.
- Post Impressionism: Artists reacted against the naturalism of the impressionists to explore color, line & form and the emotional response of the artist.
- Romanticism: An artistic and intellectual movement originating in Europe in the late 1700s and characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on the individual’s expression of emotion and imagination, departure from the attitudes and forms of classicism, and rebellion against established social rules.
- Social Activist Art: Art that is a form of political or social currency, actively addressing cultural power structures rather than representing them or simply describing them.
- Still Life: Features an arrangement of inanimate objects as its subject.
- Surrealism: Expressing imaginative dreams and visions free from conscious rational control.
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